Signs of dyslexia usually become apparent when a child first begins to learn how to read, which is usually in kindergarten or the first grade.
What Is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a type of learning disorder that is characterized by reading difficulty. It is also referred to as SRD (specific reading disability).
It is the most common learning disability, and affects as many as 10-20% of the population.
There is a genetic component as it tends to run in families, and is often found in combination with other learning disabilities, such as arithmetic or writing disabilities.
It is often thought that dyslexia merely involves confusing two letters that have similar shapes, but the condition is more complex to use such simple generalizations.
Rather, Dyslexia often involves challenges such as difficulty in determining the meaning of simple sentences (content of ideas), difficulty recogizing written words, and difficulty rhyming.
Symptoms of dyslexia vary depending on age, but are similar throughout the lifespan.
Dyslexia in children is characterized by delaying verbal development/talking, difficulty reading and spelling, difficulty pronouncing words, difficulty learning new words, confusing words, and mispronouncing words.
It is also highlighted by delayed development of fine motor skills, poor or awkward handwriting, difficulty rhyming, and difficulty learning a foreign language.
In general, children with dyslexia are at a lower reading level compared to their peers.
Signs Of Dyslexia In Adults
Dyslexia symptoms in teens and adults are similar to those in children, but dyslexia also hinders adults in terms of memory, time management, learning new languages, etc.
Dyslexia can have long-term educational, social and economic consequences. It can impact everything from being able to read and understand simple street signs while driving, one's ability to hold a job, and hinder interpersonal relationships.
time many adults with dyslexia often adapt to their challenges by
choosing a job or career that is less reliant on writing, hiding reading
problems and avoiding written communication, relying on others to help them spell words, etc.
While there's no cure for dyslexia, it can be managed with tutoring and specialized educational programs/support.
In addition, the interpersonal and social impact of dyslexia often needs to be treated as sufferers often experience low self-esteem, anxiety, behavior problems, aggression, and social withdrawal from peers, parents, teachers etc. As a result, therapy can also be beneficial.
Further, it is important to note that dyslexia is common and that children with dyslexia have normal intelligence. They can achieve the same academic and career success as those without dyslexia.