Dextroamphetamine, known as Dexedrine or Dextrostat, is a stimulant used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, commonly referred to as ADD or ADHD.
It affects the chemicals in the brain, known as neurotransmitters, that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control, which are the hallmark behavioral manifestations of the condition.
It comes in 5mg and 10mg tablets. For children ages 3 -5 the starting dose is typically a 2.5mg tablet (1/2 of the 5mg tablet) which can be increased by 2.5mg at weekly intervals if medically necessary.
For ages 6 and older, the starting dose is typically 5mg once or twice daily. Doctors may choose to increase total the daily dose by 5mg per week until a therapeutic level is attained.
The standard dosage limit is usually no more than 40mg per day. For more detailed information about how the best dosage is determined for each individual, see this helpful dosage guide.
It acts quickly with an onset of about 30-60 minutes and duration of about 4-5 hours. It also comes in an ER (extended release) version that lasts for 5-10 hours. Unlike other ADHD medications, it can be used in children under six years old.
Versus Other ADHD Meds
Click the following links for information regarding Dexedrine vs Adderall. It is important to remember that your mileage may vary. Medications affect everyone differently, so what works for your neighbor may not work for you. That is why it is essential to monitor the results and side effects, both positive and negative, with your prescribing doctor.Also, both of these medications are stimulants, so there is a potential for abuse.
Possible side effects are familiar to anyone who has ever consumed too much caffeine or any other stimulant: nausea, loss of appetite or weight loss, mild headache, sleep disturbances or insomnia. For an in-depth look at side effects, click here.
See this guide for information about withdrawal.
Any stimulant may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person for whom it was prescribed. The full dose of this drug is released at once if chopped, crushed and snorted. Be sure to read about the dangers of abuse.
It is vital that you inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions: a history of alcohol or drug abuse, glaucoma, heart condition or recent history of a heart attack.
Be sure to report any high blood pressure, liver disease, mental illness including anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression, mania or schizophrenia.
In addition, inform your doctor of any motor tics, family history or diagnosis of Tourette's syndrome, overactive thyroid, seizures (convulsions) or abnormal brain scan, an allergy to this drug or Ritalin, medicine allergies, food allergies, are pregnant or trying to get pregnant, or are breast-feeding.