The Clonidine patch (transdermal Clonidine, or Clonidine ttl) is mainly used to treat high blood pressure and nicotine withdrawal.
It works by decreasing the the heart rate via relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily through the body.
However, due to its properties as a calming agent, it is also used in the treatment of conditions such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
It is used to reduce symptoms of hyperactivity, and also used to combat the side effects of powerful stimulant-based ADHD medications such as Ritalin and Adderall.
For those with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is often taken at bedtime to aid sleep.
It comes in sizes of 0.1, 0.2, or 0.3 mg and once removed the medication will remain in the system at a therapeutic level for about 8 hours. Your doctor may gradually increase the dose once per week as clinically necessary.
The patch is applied to the skin, usually every 7 days. The patch should be applied to clean, dry skin on a hairless area on the upper, outer arm or upper chest. Also, try to place it on an area where it will not be rubbed by tight clothing, and do not apply it to irritated skin.
You can, however, easily resume normal activities such as bathing, swimming and showering while wearing the patch. It may take 2-3 days before the full effect occurs.
Clonidine side effects may include dry mouth, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, lethargy, insomnia, dizziness, and nausea. In extreme cases, seizure, coma, and irregular heartbeat can result.
Only take Clonidine exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not exceed dosage recommendations. Never share you medications with others, or take any medication that was not prescribed for you.
If you miss a dose, do not take a double dose.
There may be a risk of withdrawal too, so do not quit cold turkey or stop using the patch without first consulting with your prescribing doctor.
Abruptly stopping the patch may result in debilitating symptoms such as a rapid rise in blood pressure, nervousness, headache, and confusion.
If you wish to discontinue the medication, work in conjunction with your prescribing doctor, who can gradually decrease your dose over a period of a few days.
As always contact your doctor if you have any questions.